Being the blind arational process that she is (natural selection), Mother Nature instills in all her creatures a sense of their own importance (or of the importance of their needs) that is rationally inordinate (the maximum amount possible). And, as the members of a species reach a certain stage in their rational/ cultural/ linguistic development, they increasingly come to question this inordinancy (feelings of worthlessness) and increasingly come to require reasons (justification) for maintaining it (e.g., needs for love, purpose, meaning, moral integrity, religion, achievement, status, etc.). In short, feelings of worthlessness (and so-called "free will") are not so much an adaptation as a "maladaptive" byproduct of the evolution of rationality -- "maladaptive" in the sense of necessitating the expenditure of effort and energy, not on trying to stay alive, but on the biologically bizarre non-physical objective of maintaining self-worth. Implications ensue.
the International Society for Theoretical Psychology,
the International Society for Human Ethology and
the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
The Evolutionary Function of Self-Esteem
My Derivation of a Moral 'Ought' from an Epistemic 'Is'
Conversation with Herb Gintis on Gene Selfishness, Gene Culture Co-Evolution, etc.
The Meaning of 'Ought'
My Critique of Behaviorism
Hofstatder's Godel Argument (That Minds Are Different from Machines)
My Critique of Dennett's Heterophenomenology
My "food fight" with the Society for Philosophy and Psychology (1981-2)>